Wednesday, January 20, 2010


Stereotactic body radiation therapy for liver metastases

O Dawood, A Mahadevan, K Goodman ,European J Cancer 2009;45:2947-2959.

This review focuses on stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) as an alternative, non-invasive approach to the treatment of liver metastases. Treatment considerations of SBRT for liver metastases are presented with particular emphasis on the challenges of organ motion and the low tolerance of the surrounding hepatic parenchyma. Multiple approaches to tumor motion are discussed, including tumor tracking versus motion-compensation techniques. Issues of patient eligibility criteria, patient set-up, target definition, treatment dosimetry and fractionation are also discussed. Clinical results to date from 15 published reports, including a summary of the latest in-press results from Stanford using the CyberKnife System, are presented. These clinical reports demonstrate the safety and efficacy of SBRT for liver metastasis with 18-month and 2-year local control rates ranging from 71-93% and 71-86%, respectively.

The review concludes by stressing the importance of addressing hepatic tumor motion to ensure the dose reaches the tumor and spares the surrounding normal tissue. The authors suggest more rigorous phase II clinical studies are necessary to establish the long-term durability of efficacy and toxicity results.